The duties and responsibilities of being a Program Coordinator will vary from organization to organization. Depending on the organization and sport or active recreation program setting, the Coordinator may be called a Camp Director, Program Coordinator or Team Leader. For the purpose of this resource kit, the term Coordinator will be used for all of these possible titles.

The basic roles and responsibilities of a leader are divided into three broad areas- before, during and after the program.

Volunteers play a crucial role in providing sport and active recreational experiences for people with disabilities. Without volunteer support, few people with disabilities are able to participate in sport and active recreation or camping experiences.

Three ingredients for any successful sport and recreation program are safety, enjoyment and achievement.

People volunteer or accept paid positions as leaders for a variety of reasons ranging from wanting to enable others to attend sport and active recreation programs, wanting to go away with other leaders or meeting the practical requirements of a course they are doing. Whatever the reason for becoming a leader, the most important consideration is that of having the right attitude - that of assisting a person with a disability to have a great experience that will enable them to grow and develop to their own potential. The leader is there to engage with the participants.

It is worthwhile to consider our attitudes and feelings about disability. If we are motivated to work with people with a disability, it is important to understand our motivations to work in this area and to be honest with ourselves deciding whether it is appropriate for us to do so. Our attitudes have been formed through a community that used to believe people with disabilities should live in a segregated community. In the past, people with disabilities were institutionalized or kept at home behind closed doors. Some parents were even ashamed of their children with disabilities and kept them away from community resources.

Sport and active recreation experiences provide unique opportunities for people with disabilities to participate enjoyable and developmental experiences. The volunteer or paid staff member facilitates these experiences and in turn derives much enjoyment and personal growth during the program. This comes about through communication and involvement in a range of activities. The bonding that occurs between the leader and the person with a disability enables the development of a trust relationship that provides an understanding of the person's potential ability.